1. QUEEN ELIZABETH I, reigning queen from 1558 to 1603
Formidable, eccentric and never without a pile of pearls, Elizabeth I doused herself in perfume to mask the scent of sweat caused by her chronic panic attacks. Her chosen blend was musk, damaskwater, rose-water and sugar which had to be boiled for five hours and strained to create a perfume. The recipe was recently discovered in a book at London’s Royal Horticultural Society by garden designers Laurie Chetwood and Patrick Collins, who then spent a year growing the ingredients to recreate the scent. They released the unique, delicate scent as an eau de toilette in 2009, called Elizabeth I (£25), in a bottle bearing the Queen’s signature.